High blood pressure – causes and symptoms (Hypertension)

Many people believe High blood pressure is caused by excessive thinking, but that could be a situation that increases the blood pressure to an unhealthy level. High blood pressure, also known as Hypertension, is a situation in which the force of the blood against the artery wall is too high. It can lead to health problems like stroke, heart disease, or even death.

High blood pressure 
Causes of high blood pressure
Symptoms of high blood pressure
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The blood pressure is measured, taking into account the amount of blood traveling through your blood vessels and the amount of obstruction the blood encounters while the heart is pumping. The more blood your heart pumps, the narrower the arteries, and the higher your blood pressure.

Hypertension develops over the years and has the possibility of affecting everyone. Unfortunately, the symptoms of high blood pressure are not noticeable, and even at that, it can still cause damage to your blood vessels and organs. It mostly affects the eyes, brain, heart, and kidney.

Also read: Common health conditions

Therefore, early detection is advisable. It implies you go for regular blood pressure reading. It will help your doctor know when your blood pressure rises, which will likely result in checking your blood pressure over time to see if it stays like that or falls back to normal.

What are the causes of high blood pressure

There are two types of blood pressure, each with its cause.

The primary type of blood pressure

The primary type of blood pressure (hypertension) is also known as essential hypertension. It develops over the years and is hardly identifiable. Most people suffer from the primary type of blood pressure.

While it’s still unclear what constitutes the primary type of blood pressure, researchers believe that the below factors are some of the causes of high blood pressure.

Genes: Almost everything we have, we inherited from our parents, and most times, these attributes make one genetically defenseless to hypertension.

Physical changes: Change is one thing that’s constant with human existence, and as one gets old, the system changes. It’s believed that changes that come to the kidney function because of age are likely to affect the body balance of salt and fluid. This type of change can be one of the causes of high blood pressure in your body.

Environment: There’s a big chance of you suffering from hypertension if you’re overweight or obese. An unhealthy lifestyle like lack of exercise and proper diet are causes of high blood pressure.

The secondary type of blood pressure

The secondary type of blood pressure occurs rapidly, and it’s mostly intense than primary blood pressure. The below condition can result in secondary blood pressure.

  • Congenital heart defects
  • Kidney diseases
  • Drug abuse or illegal use of drugs
  • Chronic use of alcohol
  • Problems with adrenal gland
  • Some endocrine tumors
  • Side effects of medication
  • Lack of sleep

Symptoms of high blood pressure

It’s hard to have symptoms of high blood pressure, even if the blood pressure readings reach extensively high. Meanwhile, a few people with high blood pressure will have a headache, shortness of breath, and nosebleeds. But these symptoms of high blood pressure hardly occur until the blood pressure reaches a life-threatening stage. At this stage, it can lead to death, stroke if proper care is not given to such person.

Therefore, don’t wait till you see symptoms of high blood pressure before you go to your doctor for blood pressure reading. It should be your routine doctor’s appointment, especially when you have come down in age or overweight. It’s advised that from 18 years, you should ask for your blood pressure reading every two years and from 40, every year. And if you have at a high risk of blood pressure and falls within the age bracket of 18-39, you should often check your blood pressure reading.

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