Asthma is a disease or a condition that causes ones airway to become inflamed, swollen and narrow, and produce additional mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. Although this disease can strike at any age, it poses a higher risk when it happens at an advanced age.
Some Symptoms of Asthma in aged people
In the airways:
- Swelling or Inflammation
- Production of excessive mucus that’s thicker than normal
- Narrowing because of muscle contractions amidst the airways
General symptom of asthma in aged people
- Shortage of breath
- Seeing black
- Frequent coughing and wheezing
- Chest tightness
- Difficulty in breathing
Adults tend to have lower forced expiratory volume ( the amount of air an individual takes in and forcibly breathe out in a second) after middle age because of changes in muscles and stiffening of chest walls. However, anyone can get asthma regardless of their age, but among those at higher risks are:
- Family with a history of asthma
- People living under the same roof with a smoker
- Living in urban areas
- People with a history of allergic asthma
Treatment of asthma in aged people
Unfortunately, asthma can only be controlled. There’s currently no cure for an asthmatic patient. However, there are certain goals in asthma treatment, when achieved, means that such a patient has got his asthma under control. Therefore, you should contact your doctor or asthma care provider for help with your asthma.
Meanwhile, these goals shows your asthma is under control:
- Use and adjust medications to control asthma with minimal or no side effect
- Avoid chronic and troublesome symptoms
- Punctuality to work or school
- Perform daily task without any difficulty
- Less appointment with your doctor
Also read: treatment of hypertension
However, proper use of asthma medication as prescribed by a doctor is the best way to control asthma, also to avoid attacks and monitor daily asthma symptoms. Meanwhile, there are two asthma medications, and they are Anti-inflammatory and Bronchodilators.
Anti-inflammatory: it involves the use of inhaled steroids to reduce swelling and mucus production in the airways. They make the airways less sensitive and less likely to cause an asthma attack. These medications take weeks before they begin to control asthma if taken daily.
Bronchodilators: they help to relax the muscle that bind around the airways. The medication opens the airways to let more air in and out of the lungs, thereby improve breathing.
These medications can only help you manage and control asthma, but will never make it go completely. Always have your medication with you in case of an attack.